T-shirt producers use numerous terms to illustrate their products and services. The terms are not always consistent and it assists to have a reference guide.
This is the state Green Man T-shirts Self-help guide to knowing t-t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s solitary: Unit of way of measuring that defines the fineness of cotton line. A typical spool of solitary-ply cotton thread includes 840 back yards of natural cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then your thread on these spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then your line on these spools is referred to as 30s natural cotton line, or 30/1. If this requires 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher number indicates a better thread, and thus a finer, softer material is produced. T-shirts manufactured from 30s and 40s are softer, better, and have much better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are used many different ways, but it’s the number that matters; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are identical. Threads can be twisted with each other into heavier strands. If two 20/1 natural cotton threads were twisted with each other, it would be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Material: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Even though rayon is a man-made artificial materials, many experts agree it is readily naturally degradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely smooth and contains outstanding drape.
Bamboo: Fast expanding herb, considered a grass, which can be readily refined into rayon to create bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A process that uses chlorine bleach to soften and distress the appearance of the material becoming washed.
Boat Throat: An extremely broad neck line that operates over the collarbone area for the shoulder points. Gets from earlier sailors’ shirts, where broad throat enabled fast removal in the event the sailor fell over the top.
Boy Beater: Women’s fashion response to the wife beater. A women’s tank top, even though it can be any color.
Brushed Natural cotton: A method to get rid of excess lint and materials from cotton material. Brushed cotton usually features a really smooth, sleek complete.
Burn off-Out: An activity which uses sulfuric acid or any other powerful acid to “burn off-out” elements of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/natural cotton blend. The procedure gives a see-via, really pure impact.
Cap Sleeves: Generally describes shorter sleeves on women’s clothes.
Fractional Co2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound made up of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its connection with climatic change. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers are actually calculating and recording the Carbon dioxide emissions involved with production their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Independent organization founded in 2001 in Excellent Britain that screens carbon pollutants. The Carbon Trust works jointly with companies to help lessen their carbon footprint, and now certifies businesses and merchandise as using a “reduced carbon dioxide” or “no carbon” footprint. A few t-shirt businesses now produce “low carbon dioxide footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning method that eliminates short fibers and gets rid of grime and international matter. Carding can be carried out by hand or by big machines using drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not really as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Clean: Another name for enzyme clean. This offers material a soft really feel along with a classic appear, for the way the clean is done.
Cellulose: Based on the cellular walls of certain plants. Useful in creating certain types of materials, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo material is really rayon produced from bamboo cellulose.
Inexpensive Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts created using carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and also have bad drapability. Used often as cheap marketing give-aways.
Climate Neutral: An expression used to explain a company, process, or product that has absolutely no impact on the Earth’s climate. Several t-t-shirt producers advertise their company as environment natural.
CO2: Co2. A chemical substance substance made up of two oxygen atoms and one carbon dioxide atom. Referred to as a “green house” gas due to its relationship with climatic change.
Colorfastness: The capacity of a outfit to resist several washings without having losing its colour.
Combed Cotton: A way to remove short materials as well as organize for a longer time fibers parallel to make a smooth, fine natural cotton yarn. Combed natural cotton has higher power, outstanding consistency, and better hand. Combed natural cotton costs much more and is found in better t-shirts.
Compacting: A procedure that compacts the space among cotton fiber pockets. Minimises shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Sewing with a different colour compared to the garment. Offers a nice style details in t-shirts.
Control Union: A worldwide business that provides certification services for a number of programs–including many natural certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Worldwide Natural Textile Regular).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, really slightly stretchy material with a sleek flat face along with a much more textured but uniform back. Average weight for each yard is about 5.5 to 6 oz. Basic t-shirts are made from cotton jersey. Fine cotton jersey is normally smoother and it has a lighter weight for each yard.
Natural cotton: An all natural fiber that is the most favored on the planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are generally ½ to 2 inches long. For a longer time fibers create better natural cotton material. Types such as Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, tend to be more highly valued than regular varieties.
Team Throat: A round close-fitting neckline. Most frequent neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A t-shirt with a brief entire body with it; made to expose the midriff region.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mainly on sleeve/base hems and refers to a parallel row of sewing. This type of stitching offers durability as well as a cleaner, much more completed appear.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to the way a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has outstanding drape, whilst a coarse material like burlap has very little. T-shirts that have great drape qualities really feel better to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that features a for a longer time back than front.
Eco-Pleasant: Very free term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly worthless in realistically assessing an item. Favorite saying used by eco-friendly washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Natural cotton produced in Egypt and highly valued for the long period of fiber. Apparel made with real Egyptian cotton is valued because of its softness and fineness.
Environmental Proper rights Base: A registered charity recognized in 2000 to assist that suffer most out of environmental abuses including pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and garden soil destruction. Especially energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Cleaned: A clean procedure utilizing unique digestive enzymes to generate a smooth complete and smooth check out a material. Age groups dyes to create a unique look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme cleaning is physically less severe on the fabric when compared with rock washing.
Western Reduce: A design of t-t-shirt that is narrower compared to what one usually discovers. For example, a complete cut men’s t-t-shirt, size large, generally runs 22 inches across the chest (calculated one inch below the sleeve). A men’s large European cut will run about half an ” to 1 ” narrower, sometimes more.
Fabric Dyed: Material dyed before becoming cut and stitched into a completed piece of clothing.
Fair Labor Association: A nonprofit business committed to ending sweatshop problems in factories worldwide. Functions to develop Program code of Work Methods, particularly important in the clothing business in which operating conditions have traditionally been so bad.
Fair Put on Base: A global group focused on improving outfit workers’ lives worldwide. Works jointly with businesses that produce clothing as well as other stitched items and this be responsible for supply chain.
Fine Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric using a sleek flat face as well as a more textured but consistent back. Fine natural cotton jersey is usually smoother and contains a lighter in weight per yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made out of fine cotton jersey use a better drape and really feel than regular t-shirts. Generally made out of 30s and better natural cotton thread, and weighs 4.3 oz for each square yard.
Fitted Cut: Meanings vary, but generally a installed cut describes a cut that flatters the body. Used frequently in women’s t-shirts, the center section of the t-shirt will be tighter than the top or base. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a basic full reduce.
Full Reduce: A nice, spacious cut. In t-shirts, tubular designs are typically regarded as complete-cut, but there are exclusions. Full Cut differs from the thinner Western Slashes, Slim Slashes, and Installed Slashes.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been cut and sewn into a completed article of clothes.
Outfit Cleaned: An activity where finished posts of clothes are washed, generally with added softeners to improve the feel and appear from the fabric.
GMO Totally free: GMO means Genetically Modified Organisms. First found in the 1990s when consumers became concerned with genetically modified meals. Many companies now use the GMO free label on anything from meals to natural fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Means Global Organic Fabric Regular. A project of the Worldwide Operating Team. They have created standards to make sure natural status of textiles, from the harvesting, production, and marking, in order to provide a credible guarantee to the finish customer. An natural t-shirt that fits the specifications can be GOTS licensed.
Eco-friendly: Generic expression used by marketing and advertising gurus to promote items. Another favorite term of “green-washers,” who are jumping on the ecological band wagon with no genuine dedication.
Eco-friendly-Cleaning: Explode on the term “white-colored-cleaning,” however in an ecological framework. Businesses that green-wash are spending lip-company to ecological concerns to attract much more company, but haven’t taken any real actions to become ecologically accountable.
Hand: The way a material feels to touch. A fabric that feels smooth and smooth is considered to possess a great hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been utilized for material for hundreds of years, mainly as being an commercial material. More recent handling techniques have made it ideal for finer clothing, and now it really is used in numerous clothes posts, including t-shirts. Hemp is highly valued for its strength and durability.
Henley T-T-shirt: Much like a collarless polo t-shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt featuring 2 or 3 control keys (occasionally as much as 5 buttons are employed, but that’s unusual). A Henley can be either brief or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A technique of stone washing where stones are first soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. This method creates a frosted appearance to material.
Interlock Knit: A kind of knit which is really smooth and contains a good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, more elastic than Jersey knit, but less elastic than rib knit. Utilized in really fine garments.
Jersey Knit: Commonly found in t-shirts and is easily the most durable of knits. It is actually light bodyweight, and contains fine vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named right after the British Island in the English Channel. Fine cotton Jersey identifies Jersey Knit made out of fine cotton threads such as 30s and forties.
Knit: Describes just how the interlocking loops of yarn that define material had been made. There are lots of types of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It is light weight, and it has fine vertical ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have heavy ribs running down the fabric, while interlock knits are used in very fine materials. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle T-shirt: Sleeveless style t-shirt, although not exactly a tank top. Basic t-t-shirt, just without the sleeves. The shoulder band portion is significantly wider than a typical tank top.
Throat Tape: A slim strip of fabric stitched over the seam running across the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appearance better than an uncovered stitch. Also known as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification through the International Oeko-Tex® Association, which guarantees consumers the apparel they purchase is free of chemicals and presents no risk to their wellness. Under the Oeko-Tex regular, clothes has to be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: An expression really freely applied within the outfit business. It can mean anything from 100% organic to as low as 6% organic. Often coupled with terms like Eco-Friendly, Green, and so on. Consumers must check the labels and confirm the types of materials utilized to find out if something is truly organic or otherwise not.
Natural Natural cotton: Natural cotton grown without using pesticides. Licensed organic cotton has been examined to insure it truly is natural.
Natural Garden soil Association: Established in 1946 by a small group of farm owners, scientists and nutritionists concerned with your relationship among harvesting practices and plant, pet, human being, and ecological wellness. The Natural Garden soil Association pioneered the first natural standards in 1967, and certifies farms and businesses that meet these specifications.
Overdyed: A process in which previously dyed clothes or fabrics are dyed with an extra colour to produce a distinctive appear.
Performance T: Term for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside enthusiasts. Performance Ts are described as their breathability, dampness wicking, fast drying out, and odor control capabilities. Numerous performance Ts are polyester/natural cotton blends, or can even be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of the absorbency and wicking properties, have grown to be called performance t-shirts, although they tend not to dried out as fast as performance t-shirts manufactured from 100% polyester.
PFD: Is short for Prepared For Dyeing. Sold by doing this to t-t-shirt customizers who wish to create their own appear with chemical dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of coloring that can cause a washed out, distressed appear.
Pima Cotton: A cotton created in the U.S. in early 1900s to compete with Egyptian natural cotton. It features for a longer time fibers and is also utilized often in fine men’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima arises from the Pima Indians, who helped with the initially plants from the new natural cotton as it was initially grown within the U.S.
Raise: A way of knitting that creates a waffle-kind, fine textured surface area. Utilized frequently in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used broadly in clothing, particularly along with natural cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Means the procedure for pre-diminishing material before it really is reduce and stitched. Occasionally it describes an actual completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes which has been preshrunk shrinks much less once the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk natural cotton t-shirts will nevertheless shrink a bit, nevertheless, particularly when dried employing a clothing clothes dryer.
Raglan T-T-shirt: Style of t-t-shirt featuring sleeves running straight to the collar. Normally the sleeves are a contrasting color from your entire body. Raglan sleeves are broader underneath the hands, and they are desirable to wearers who desire optimum independence of motion. Baseball t-shirts generally include a raglan sleeve design.
Rayon: Man-created fiber that utilizes plant cellulose as the main component. Rayon is extremely smooth, has excellent drape, and is really absorbing. Initially developed as being a silk alternative.
Rib Knit: Seen as a weighty straight ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are generally considered 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you know the size in the rib compared to the space among. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or perhaps a 2×2 rib knit means the space in between each rib is the same width because the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as broad since the spaces in between. Rib knit is extremely elastic and it is often employed for t-t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank shirts.
Ring Spun: Describes yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton materials. The continuous rotating generates a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably much softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve groups and matching team throat. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and team necks in different colours.
Sand Clean: Identifies using fine sand whilst cleaning a garment or fabric to soften and stress it.
Satin Cleaned: An additional term for silicon cleaned, which generates a really sleek and soft finish to fabric, and in addition provides the fabric good draping qualities.
Scoop Throat: Wide, carefully curved neckline that differs thorough. Favored in women’s shirts.
Pure Jersey: Really light weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 oz per yard. A little stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Adhesive tape: A thin strip of fabric stitched over the seam operating across the shoulders and neck region. It covers the seam and appearance a lot better than an exposed stitch.
Shrinkage: Generally describes natural cotton clothing and also the amount it can be expected to shrink. Most natural cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5Percent shrinkage can certainly be expected.
Part Seamed: Identifies shirts with a seam operating down at each part under the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Side seamed t-shirts are more expensive to produce.
Silicon Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing procedure. Creates a really smooth and smooth complete to material, and in addition provides the fabric good draping qualities.
Singlet: another phrase for a men’s tank top.
Thin Cut: A design of t-t-shirt that is narrower than what one normally finds. As an example, an entire reduce men’s t-t-shirt, size big, generally runs 22 in . throughout the chest area (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A thin reduce will operate about half an ” to 1 ” narrower, sometimes much more.
Stonewashed: A cleaning process that utilizes lava stones or occasionally silicon and rubber balls. This technique can make material much softer and provides it an aged or distressed appear. Occasionally bleach is utilized within this process.
Tank Top: T-T-shirt characterized by slim shoulder bands with no sleeves. The title has come from the early phrase for pools: going swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not real “tape,” but a slim strip of material stitched on the seam operating over the shoulder area and neck section of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appearance better than an exposed stitch.
Tubular Style:A design which has no part seams; your body in the t-shirt is circular and directly. Tubular t-shirts are less costly to produce, and make up the bulk of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-T-shirt: No regular description exists for a unisex t-shirt, but most of the time a unisex t-t-shirt is made from lighter weight, fine natural cotton jersey, side seamed, rather than cut as complete being a regular men’s t-t-shirt. The sleeves are certainly not additional short, like cap sleeves, but they are not complete elbow measures either. The body duration is generally method/long. Nevertheless, you can find broad variants in unisex t-shirts, based on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former You.S.S.R. satellite that grew to become independent in 1991 and is also well known for its cotton creation techniques, that include forced child work and environmentally damaging methods. Ethical apparel businesses boycott Uzbekistan cotton; however, most companies don’t treatment and possess declined to sign up for within the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is inexpensive.
V -Neck: Inverted triangular type of neckline. Can be deep or superficial, based on the design. Generally favored by ladies, but a shallow style v-throat is popular among men.
Viscose: Typically an additional term for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Bodyweight: Generally expressed oz per square yard. A 5.5 oz weight natural cotton fabric signifies that one square yard will consider 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter in weight weight loads, whilst coarser cotton xeprdh have weightier weight loads.
Wife Beater: Derogatory phrase for a men’s tank top t-t-shirt. Usually describes a basic white-colored tank top.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that is dyed before it is weaved in to a fabric.